Probing The Diabetes and Colorectal Cancer Relationship Using Gene – Environment Interaction Analyses

Diabetes is an established risk factor for colorectal cancer; however, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are not fully understood and the role of genetic variation is unclear. We used data from 3 genetic consortia (CCFR, CORECT, GECCO; 31,318 colorectal cancer cases/41,499 controls) and undertook genome-wide gene-environment interaction analyses with colorectal cancer risk, including interaction tests of genetics(G)xdiabetes and joint testing of Gxdiabetes, G-colorectal cancer association and/or G-diabetes correlation (2,3-degrees of freedom joint tests; d.f.). Based on the joint tests, variant rs3802177 in SLC30A8 (p-value 3-d.f .:5.46×10 ⁻¹¹ ; regulates phosphorylation of the insulin receptor and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase activity) and rs9526201 in LRCH1 (p-value 2-d.f .:7.84×10 ⁻⁰⁹ ; regulates T cell migration and Natural Killer Cell cytotoxicity) were associated with colorectal cancer. These results suggest that variation in genes related to insulin signalling and immune function may modify the association of diabetes with colorectal cancer and provide novel insights into the biology underlying the diabetes and colorectal cancer relationship.

British Journal of Cancer

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