Genome-Wide Interaction Analysis of Genetic Variants With Menopausal Hormone Therapy for Colorectal Cancer Risk
The use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) may interact with genetic variants to influence colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Methods: We conducted a genome-wide gene-environment interaction between single nucleotide polymorphisms and the use of any MHT, estrogen-only, and combined estrogen-progestogen therapy with CRC risk, among 28,486 postmenopausal women (11,519 cases and 16,967 controls) from 38 studies, using logistic regression, two-step method, and 2- or 3-degree-of-freedom (d.f.) joint test. A set-based score test was applied for rare genetic variants. Results: The use of any MHT, estrogen-only and estrogen-progestogen were associated with a reduced CRC risk [odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 0.71 (0.64-0.78), 0.65 (0.53-0.79), and 0.73 (0.59-0.90), respectively]. The two-step method identified a statistically significant interaction between a GRIN2B variant rs117868593 and MHT use, whereby MHT-associated CRC risk was significantly reduced in women with the GG genotype [0.68 (0.64-0.72)] but not within strata of GC or CC genotypes. A statistically significant interaction between a DCBLD1 intronic variant at 6q22.1 (rs10782186) and MHT use was identified by the 2-d.f. joint test. The MHT-associated CRC risk was reduced with increasing number of rs10782186-C alleles, showing ORs of 0.78 (0.70-0.87) for TT, 0.68 (0.63-0.73) for TC, and 0.66 (0.60-0.74) for CC genotypes. In addition, five genes in rare variant analysis showed suggestive interactions with MHT (two-sided P < 1.2×10-4). Conclusion: Genetic variants that modify the association between MHT and CRC risk were identified, offering new insights into pathways of CRC carcinogenesis and potential mechanisms involved.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Yu Tian, Andre E Kim, Stephanie Bien (Rosse), Yi Lin, Conghui Qu, Tabitha A Harrison, Robert Carreras-Torres, Virginia Díez-Obrero, Niki Dimou, David A Drew, Akihisa Hidaka, Jeroen Huyghe, Kristina M Jordahl, John Morrison, Neil Murphy, Mireia Obón-Santacana, Cornelia M Ulrich, Jennifer Ose, Anita Peoples, Edward Ruiz-Narváez, Anna Shcherbina, Mariana C Stern, Yu-Ru Su, Franzel J B van Duijnhoven, Volker Arndt, James W Baurley, Sonja I Berndt, D Timothy Bishop, Hermann Brenner, Daniel D Buchanan, Andrew T Chan, Jane C Figueiredo, Steven Gallinger, Stephen B Gruber, Sophia Harlid, Michael Hoffmeister, Mark Jenkins, Amit D Joshi, Temitope O Keku, Susanna C Larsson, Loic Le Marchand, Li Li, Graham G Giles, Roger L Milne, Hongmei Nan, Rami Nassir, Shuji Ogino, Arif Budiarto, Elizabeth A Platz, John D Potter, Ross L Prentice, Gad Rennert, Lori C Sakoda, Robert E Schoen, Martha Slattery, Stephen N Thibodeau, Bethany Van Guelpen, Kala Visvanathan, Emily White, Alicja Wolk, Michael O Woods, Anna H Wu, Peter T Campbell, Graham Casey, David V Conti, Marc J Gunter, Anshul Kundaje, Juan Pablo Lewinger, Victor Moreno, Polly A Newcomb, Bens Pardamean, Duncan C Thomas, Kostas Tsilidis, Ulrike Peters, W James Gauderman, Li Hsu, Jenny Chang-Claude